Back to “Memory Booster of Regional Anatomy (2017 Edition)”

 

Prologue

 

 

1. Names of the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, vertebrae, and ribs are written in following abbreviations.

 

I     =  Olfactory nerve

II     =  Optic nerve

III    =  Oculomotor nerve

IV   =  Trochlear nerve

V    =  Trigeminal nerve

V1  =  Ophthalmic nerve

V2  =  Maxillary nerve

V3  =  Mandibular nerve

VI   =  Abducens nerve

VII  =  Facial nerve

VIII  =  Vestibulocochlear nerve

IX   =  Glossopharyngeal nerve

X    =  Vagus nerve

XI   =  Accessory nerve

XII  =  Hypoglossal nerve


CN1  = 1st cervical nerve

TN1   = 1st thoracic nerve

LN1   = 1st lumbar nerve

SN1  = 1st sacral nerve

CV1  = 1st cervical vertebra

TV1   = 1st thoracic vertebra

LV1   = 1st lumbar vertebra

SV1  = 1st sacral vertebra

R1     = 1st rib

 

 

2. For orientations of illustrations, head figures are utilized as shown below. In the case of bilateral structures, right side is depicted in most all cases.

ant.bmp

=  Anterior view or coronal plane

post.bmp

=  Posterior view or coronal plane

inf.bmp

=  Inferior view or horizontal plane

sup.bmp

=  Superior view or horizontal plane

right.bmp

=  Right view or sagittal plane

Fig. 0-11.BMP

=  Anterosuperior view

oblique.bmp

=  Anterior right view

 

3.  Bone structures mentioned in this book are listed below. They should be identified and memorized by use of dry bones, plastic bones, or an atlas book prior to regional anatomy learning. The structures followed by SA (Surface Anatomy) are palpable through the skin on one’s own body.

 

 

Skull

Calvaria

Cranial base

Groove for superior sagittal sinus

Groove for inferior petrosal sinus

Orbit

Superior orbital fissure

Inferior orbital fissure

Optic canal

Choana

Nasolacrimal canal

Pterion

Temporal fossa

Zygomatic arch (SA)

Infratemporal fossa

Pterygopalatine fossa

Pterygomaxillary fissure

Jugular foramen

Parietal bone

Groove for middle meningeal artery

Superior temporal line

Inferior temporal line

Parietal foramen

Frontal bone

Supraorbital notch (SA)

Supraorbital foramen

Frontal sinus

Occipital bone

Foramen magnum

Occipital condyle

Condylar canal

External occipital protuberance

Superior nuchal line

Inferior nuchal line

Internal occipital protuberance

Sphenoid bone

Sella turcica

Tuberculum sellae

Hypophyseal fossa

Dorsum sellae

Sphenoidal sinus

Foramen rotundum

Foramen ovale

Foramen spinosum

Lateral pterygoid plate

Medial pterygoid plate

Temporal bone

Petrous part

Mastoid process (SA)

Groove for sigmoid sinus

Carotid canal

Internal acoustic meatus

Styloid process

Stylomastoid foramen

External acoustic meatus

Mandibular fossa

Ethmoid bone

Cribriform plate

Crista galli

Perpendicular plate

Ethmoidal cell

Superior nasal concha

Middle nasal concha

Inferior nasal concha

Vomer

Maxilla

Infraorbital foramen

Maxillary sinus

Dental alveoli

Palatine bone

Zygomatic bone (SA)

Mandible

Body of mandible (SA)

Mental spine

Mylohyoid line

Dental alveoli

Ramus of mandible (SA)

Mandibular foramen

Mandibular canal

Mental foramen

Coronoid process

Condylar process

Hyoid bone (SA)

Auditory ossicles

Malleus

Incus

Stapes

Vertebrae

Vertebral column

Cervical curvature

Thoracic curvature

Lumbar curvature

Sacral curvature

Vertebral canal

Vertebral body

Lamina

Pedicle

Intervertebral foramen

Vertebral foramen

Spinous process

Transverse process

Superior articular process

Inferior articular process

Cervical vertebrae

Transverse foramen

CV1 = Atlas

Groove for vertebral artery

CV2 = Axis

Thoracic vertebrae

Superior costal facet

Inferior costal facet

Transverse costal facet

Lumbar vertebrae

Sacrum (SA)

Promontory

Ala of sacrum

Anterior sacral foramen

Posterior sacral foramen

Sacral canal

Coccyx (SA)

Ribs

Floating ribs (SA)

Costal groove

Scalene tubercle

Groove for subclavian artery

Groove for subclavian vein

Costal cartilage (SA)

Sternum

Manubrium of sternum (SA)

Clavicular notch

Sternal angle (SA)

Body of sternum (SA)

Xiphoid process (SA)

Costal notch

Clavicle (SA)

Scapula

Subscapular fossa

Spine of scapula (SA)

Supraspinous fossa

Infraspinous fossa

Acromion (SA)

Superior border

Suprascapular notch

Glenoid cavity

Supraglenoid tubercle

Infraglenoid tubercle

Coracoid process (SA)

Humerus

Head of humerus

Surgical neck

Greater tubercle

Lesser tubercle

Intertubercular groove

Groove for radial nerve

Medial supracondylar ridge

Lateral supracondylar ridge

Deltoid tuberosity

Medial epicondyle (SA)

Lateral epicondyle (SA)

Radius

Radial tuberosity

Interosseous border

Styloid process (SA)

Ulna

Olecranon (SA)

Coronoid process

Tuberosity of ulna

Interosseous border

Head of ulna (SA)

Styloid process (SA)

Carpal bones

Scaphoid

Lunate

Triquetrum

Pisiform (SA)

Trapezium

Trapezoid

Capitate

Hamate

Metacarpal bones

Phalanges

Proximal phalanges

Middle phalanges

Distal phalanges

Hip bone

Acetabulum

Lunate surface

Obturator foramen

Ilium

Arcuate line

Iliac crest (SA)

Iliac tubercle (SA)

Anterior superior iliac spine (SA)

Anterior inferior iliac spine

Greater sciatic notch

Gluteal surface

Anterior gluteal line

Posterior gluteal line

Inferior gluteal line

Iliac fossa

Ischium

Ischial tuberosity (SA)

Ischial spine

Lesser sciatic notch

Pubis

Pubic crest (SA)

Pubic tubercle (SA)

Pecten pubis

Pelvic skeleton

Greater pelvis

Lesser pelvis

Pelvic inlet

Pelvic brim

Pelvic outlet

Femur

Head of femur

Fovea for ligament of head

Neck of femur

Greater trochanter (SA)

Lesser trochanter

Intertrochanteric crest

Lateral lip of linea aspera

Medial lip of linea aspera

Gluteal tuberosity

Medial supracondylar line

Lateral supracondylar line

Medial condyle (SA)

Medial epicondyle

Adductor tubercle

Lateral condyle (SA)

Lateral epicondyle

Patellar surface

Patella (SA)

Tibia

Medial condyle (SA)

Lateral condyle (SA)

Intertubercular eminence

Tibial tuberosity (SA)

Medial surface (SA)

Soleal line

Interosseous border

Medial malleolus (SA)

Fibula

Head of fibula (SA)

Neck of fibula

Interosseous border

Lateral malleolus (SA)

Tarsal bones

Talus

Calcaneus

Navicular

Medial cuneiform

Intermediate cuneiform

Lateral cuneiform

Cuboid

Metatarsal bones

Phalanges

Proximal phalanges

Middle phalanges

Distal phalanges


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