Back to Visually Memorable Systemic Anatomy



Anatomy is studied as a mandatory subject for students in schools of nursing, health sciences (including physical therapy), sports, and arts. A layperson may also learn anatomy either to fulfill curiosity regarding human body or to protect his/her own health.

While ordinary anatomy books present pictures and descriptions that accurately introduce body structures, they also has a disadvantage of being complex and difficult.

In order to concentrate on accessible and easy-to-read stories rather than exhaustive details, we wrote an electronic book, Visually Memorable Regional Anatomy. As its targeted readers are medical students who carry out dissection, we decided to produce this book, Visually Memorable Systemic Anatomy for the other students and common people.

This book is neither complete nor thorough to be exact. Some notes for readers to keep in mind are as follows.

First of all, we have minimized the amount of anatomical terms used. With the minimal terms, we tried to deliver the essential knowledge in each anatomical system. We did not put much emphasis on numbers (e.g., measurements of an organ); only meaningful numbers are introduced (e.g., number of vertebrae). Eponyms that are difficult to memorize (e.g., Stenson duct for the parotid duct) are omitted. This book hardly deals with clinical anatomy; instead it concentrates on fundamental anatomy, embryology, neuroanatomy, and histology themselves.

Second, this book deals with as many structures palpable on ones own body as possible. Surface anatomy is sure to help one comprehend and memorize the anatomical contents.

Third, some information, at the cost of preciseness, is altered in writings. We have made this adjustment to make the information simpler and easier for readers. We recommend the readers to refer to other sources for precise details.

Fourth, the illustrations in this book are very simple. For example, muscles are drawn as arrows, only indicating origins and insertions. Such drawings are effective in explaining the morphology and function of the structures that are discussed here. Readers can easily redraw our illustrations which would be helpful for memorization, which would be another aspect of this book title Visually Memorable. However, it is necessary to compare our schematic figures to the realistic anatomy atlas to gain an accurate insight.

Cartoons drawn by the first author are included in order to help anatomy feel more approachable. The main cartoons Anna & Tommy to give a coherent narrative in every chapter. The other cartoons are Dr. Anatophil to handle tips (mnemonics).

Here we faithfully follow the official anatomical terms, Terminologia Anatomica. However, some obvious words were omitted. For example, we use trapezius (muscle term in Latin) instead of trapezius muscle. Abbreviations such as II for optic nerve are utilized, which are introduced in prologue. Some new terms (e.g., anterior forearm muscles) have been developed for consistency.

This book is freely seeable and downloadable on the homepage ( Also on the website, there are the full version of anatomy cartoon and the former book (Visually Memorable Regional Anatomy) containing more information. Additional ones are the browsing software packages for sectional anatomy as well as the three-dimensional models for stereoscopic anatomy. They are products of the serial sectioned images of cadavers in Visible Korean project. The realistic images could be a reference for the simplified figures in this book.

This book (2020 edition) is tentative, so that words and figures are deficient; figure numbers are irregular. The authors wish that the readers excuse such inconvenience. This book will be annually revised, as we strive to step closer to a perfect book. Min Suk Chung, the corresponding author will gladly receive any comments and suggestions on this book by e-mail ( The authors will reflect these feedbacks in the next version of the book.

Plenty of drawings were created on Adobe Illustrator by the students in Ajou University School of Medicine and Beom Jo Chung. Major and minor corrections were given by Junwoo Lee (Kosin University College of Medicine) and Beomseo Chung (Chonbuk National University Medical School). The students opinion was collected by the help of Eunji Seo (College of Nursing, Ajou University) and Kyung Yong Kim (College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University). A friendly clinician (Eun Seo KIM) gave a hand with favors.

We wish that Visually Memorable Systemic Anatomy will serve as an actually helpful resource to anyone encountering systemic anatomy. Anatomy should be comprehended, not blindly memorized. Enjoying anatomy is better than suffering from anatomy.


February, 2020


Min Suk CHUNG, MD, PhD

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Birth: Seoul, South Korea (1961)

MD: Yonsei University, Seoul (1980–1987)

MS/PhD: Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul (1987–1996)

Visiting Scholar: Stanford University School of Medicine, California (2004)

Research Instructor, Full Time Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor: Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (1993–Present)


Beom Sun CHUNG, MD, PhD


Birth: Seoul, South Korea (1989)

MD: Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan (2008–2014)

MS/PhD: Graduate School, Ajou University, Suwon (2014–2020)

Teaching Assistant: Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (2014–2020)

Postdoctoral Fellow: Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane School of Medicine, Louisiana (2020–Present)